Live Interactive Map: Michigan Proposal 3 to permanently legalize abortion

As the Supreme Court was debating Roe v. Wade, supporters of abortion in Michigan were already working on a ballot drive to put the issue of abortion on the ballot in November. In early returns, the yes votes are out to a lead with over 30% of the precincts in.

The Reproductive Freedom for All ballot drive was already gathering signatures in advance of the ruling that came at the end of June. All told, more than 600,000 valid voters signed to put the question on the ballot as Proposal 3.

On Tuesday, Nov. 8, at 11 p.m., the proposal was passing with 55.4% of the vote compared to 44.6% rejecting the proposal. These results are with 31% of the vote counted, many of which were in Oakland County.

You can see how each county voted in the map above by clicking ‘county leader’ and hovering over your desired county.

Find more election results here.

If approved, the amendment would overrule the prevailing 1931 law in Michigan that outlaws abortion without exception for rape or incest. Under that ban, providing non-life-saving abortions is prosecuted as manslaughter.  

Results will begin coming in at 8 p.m. Nov. 8

More Election Results

Read the full abortion amendment proposed in Michigan

The proposal is one of three on the ballot in November. Proposal 1 would shorten term limits and require financial disclosures from state-elected officials. Proposal 2 makes changes to future elections. But Proposal 3 has received the most attention across the state.

READ MORE: Michigan Proposal 1: limiting term limits and requiring financial disclosures 

READ MORE: Michigan Proposal 2: changes to voting laws including early voting and drop boxes

The polarizing battle over Michigan’s abortion rights has intensified since the US Supreme Court overturned Roe versus Wade in June. It’s involved a lawsuit from Governor Gretchen Whitmer and a court battle to keep abortions legal.

Proposal 3, despite receiving more than the required signatures, was the subject of a controversial decision by two Republican members of the board of canvassers, who refused to certify a petition.

That decision was eventually reversed, by the Michigan Supreme Court.

RELATED: Michigan Midterm election: See a sample ballot before you vote Nov. 8

What does Proposal 3 say?

Proposal 22-2 reads as follows.

Proposal 22-3 A Proposal To Amend The State Constitution To Establish New Individual Right To Reproductive Freedom, Including Right To Make All Decisions About Pregnancy And Abortion; Allow State To Regulate Abortion In Some Cases; And Forbid Prosecution Of Individuals Exercising Established Right

This proposed constitutional amendment would:

  • Establish new individual right to reproductive freedom, including right to make and carry out all decisions about pregnancy, such as prenatal care, childbirth, postpartum care, contraception, sterilization, abortion, miscarriage management, and infertility;
  • Allow state to regulate abortion after fetal viability, but not prohibit if medically needed to protect a patient’s life or physical or mental health;
  • Forbid state discrimination in enforcement of this right; prohibit prosecution of an individual, or a person helping a pregnant individual, for exercising rights established by this amendment;
  • Invalidate state laws conflicting with this amendment.

Should this proposal be adopted?

You can either then vote yes or no. 

What would change if Proposal 3 is passed?

Of the three proposals, Proposal 3 is getting by far the most attention from both sides of the political aisle. It would give the right to decide on prenatal care, childbirth, postpartum care, infertility, and other decisions to the patient. 

It would also legalize abortion and invalidate the previous laws that conflict with it. Meaning the 1931 law that banned abortion would be wiped from the state law.

Proposal 3 is the Michigan Abortion Amendment.  A "yes" vote would keep abortion legal and strike down the state’s 1931 law.

What do supporters of Proposal 3 say?

Supporters of the proposal argue that residents need to continue to have the rights that have been in place for the state for the past 50 years. 

Planned Parenthood, Washtenaw County Prosecutor Eli Savit, and some religious leaders are backing it, including Rev. Dr. Roland Stringfellow, the senior pastor at the Metropolitan Community Church of Detroit.

"We believe in reproductive justice, to allow individuals the right to choose," said Rev. Dr. Stringfellow. "Women should have the right to make those decisions for themselves."

Related: Doctor concerned over language in Michigan abortion amendment

Groups like the Michigan section of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Committee to Protect Health Care, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and others are concerned about what they've already seen happening in the neighboring states of Ohio, Wisconsin, and Indiana, where abortion has been severely restricted or banned.

Dr. Timothy Johnson has been treating pregnant women facing challenges and said the overturning of Roe v. Wade hurts the patients.

"We've seen women delayed care for miscarriage, delayed care for ectopic pregnancy, delayed care for high-risk pregnancies," Johnson said. "Lots of questions, lots of ambiguity, and I don't think we need that in Michigan."

What do opponents of Proposal 3 say?

Not all communities of faith are backing the issue. St. Paul on the Lake Catholic Church in Grosse Pointe Farms has put up a very large anti-abortion display.

"The Catholic Church's stance on abortion hasn't changed," said Father Mario Amore, at St Aloysius Parish. "This understanding that every life is precious, and every life is deserving of that love and dignity, that's due to us."

The Michigan Catholic Conference and Right to Life Michigan have been paying for commercials calling the proposal extreme. These ads claim it would allow for unregulated abortions during all nine months of pregnancy.

More recently, an ad by Citizens to Support Michigan Women and Children claims the proposal goes beyond women's productive health and suggests that, if it passes, children can receive gender change therapy without parental consent. The argument is because of the use of the word ‘sterilization’ and was not defined as being just for adults.

Savit said that's not on the ballot at all.

"Nothing, nothing at all in the amendment text has anything to do with gender-affirming care, transgender youth, anything like that at all," he said. "It covers matters related to pregnancy, full stop."